Wednesday, 27 December 2017


In 2017 the Ontario Genealogical Society asked their members for stories about the families who lived in Canada at the time of confederation in 1867.  I thought it was a good idea and decided to write about each family unit. This is the last family of my project


My great great grandparents William Faulkner (1815-bef 1901) and Annie Jane/Hannah Crosby (1819 - 1876) were both born in Ireland, possibly Dublin.  They emigrated to Canada between 1847 and 1849, probably due to the Irish Famine with their 2 sons John Crosby and George Lewis and settled in Ontario.

William and Annie Jane had at least 7 children. John Crosby was born in Dublin in 1844 and George Lewis in 1845.  According to a Family Bible, their next son Ford was born in either 1847 or 1849 (the date has been overwritten) and he was born in Toronto, Ontario

By 1850 the family had moved to Simcoe County, as their son William Joseph was born in Tecumseh, Simcoe County, Ontario on July 1, 1850 and baptised on 18 May 1851.  More children followed, Mary Jane born 1852, Henrietta born 1853 and Annie Margaret born 1855.

Annie Margaret  Faulkner Fawcett (1855-1939)

Ford Faulkner (abt 1847-1929), my great grandfather

Mary Jane Faulkner Rowe (1852-1909)  Photographer John Crosby Faulkner, Mary Jane's brother.

William was a tailor   According to the book entitled Governor Simcoe Slept Here by the Bradford West Gwillimbury Local Historical Association, Volume 1 and 2, William Faulkner was the first tailor in the village of Newton Robinson.  Newton Robinson is a village about 50 miles north of Toronto, in Simcoe County.

A partial transcript of the book:
William Faulkner was the first tailor in the village.  About the year 1852, a building was erected immediately north of the Chantler Store.  William Faulkner occupied it as a dwelling and tailor shop.

Faulkner bought lot "E", built a house and operated a tailor business until 1868,  when he sold the property to John Merrick.   George Ogilvie and J. M. McClean were successful tailors during prosperous years.

The tailor shop stood where the present Women's Institute Hall (Orange Hall ) is now located

Another book from Simcoe County also mentions the Faulkners as being established in Newton Robinson around the same time:   Newton Robinson: A History of the United Church and the Community 1841-1987 by Bernice Merrick Ellis writes that a new church in the Bradford Circuit, Wesley Chapel appears in the June 1849 - 1850 annual report. 

The Latimer's corners log church appears under its own name for the first time.  There can be no doubt that is what it was.  The subscribers are familiar Newton Robinson Church names.....

The Village itself had been formally christened Newton Robinson in the year 1848.

 In the Missionary lists of the next few years more names that would be well known appeared, including......Wm. and Hanna Falkner.....

Certainly William and Annie Jane were in the village of Newton Robinson as William Faulkner, tailor,  is listed in the 1869 Gazetteer for the area.  According to the 1871 Census they lived in Tecumseth and William's occupation was tailor.

Sadly Annie Jane died in 1876 and by that time William and Annie were back living in Toronto.  After Annie's death William seemed to move around to be near his children.  In 1877 he was living in Fordwich, Huron near his daughter Mary Jane Rowe and son Ford.  He was living with Mary Jane and her family according to the 1881 census.

By the time the 1891 census was taken, William had moved to the Muskoka, Parry Sound, Ontario, area to be near his sons John Crosby, photographer and William Joseph, baker who both had businesses in the area.

What happened to William after that remains a mystery.  I haven't located a death certificate, and William doesn't seem to appear on the 1901 Census.  Several researchers have listed his death as January 28, 1896, but further investigation reveals that death certificate is for an Annie Jane Faulkner a farmer's wife. Did he move to North Dakota, USA to be near his daughter Annie Margaret Fawcett?

Annie Jane's burial location is unknown as well.  Are they buried together somewhere in Ontario?

Monday, 4 December 2017


In 2017 the Ontario Genealogical Society asked their members for stories about the families who lived in Canada at the time of confederation in 1867.  I thought it was a good idea and decided to write about each family unit. There were more than I first imagined.


Patrick Meehan was my great great grandfather.   He was born in Ireland about 1806 in Ireland, possibly Donegal.  He was married to Elizabeth "Bessie" Magee.  Bessie was also born in Ireland about 1812  I don't know if they married in Ireland or met in Canada.

Patrick and Bessie had at least 3 children born in Kingston, Ontario:  James, Ellen and George.  James Meehan was born on November 26, 1842 in Kingston and baptised at St. Mary's Church in Kingston on 8 December 1842.  The parents are listed as "residents" of Kingston as opposed to other listings in the parish records that refer to "immigrants".  So Patrick and Bessie were living in Kingston from at least November 1842.

The other two  children were also baptised at St. Mary's.  Ellen was born May 2, 1845 and baptised on June 8, 1845 and George Thomas was born on March 30, 1850 and baptised on May 19, 1850.

At some point between 1851 and 1861 the family moved from Kingston to Belleville, Ontario.  Unfortunately the 1851 census is missing for parts of Kingston and Belleville, so it is not clear exactly when they moved.

Nevertheless, by 1861 the family was living in Belleville, in the Coleman district.  Patrick is listed as a labourer and the family is living in a 1 1/2 stories frame house.

Patrick Meehan, W. Water Street, Belleville - 1869 Directory.

According to our family history, James joined the US army and participated in the US Civil War in 1863.  He was injured in the US and remained there and lived in Wisconsin with his wife and 9 children.  There certainly was a James Meehan, born in Canada who did live in Wisconsin.  His father was named Patrick Meehan, but the mother's name is unknown.

Ellen married Thomas Bolger in Belleville in 1872 and she died in Carleton Place, Lanark, Ontario in 1901.

My direct ancestor George Thomas Meehan married Emma Howson in Belleville in 1874. See Howson family link: Howson Family  George and Emma had at least 7 children all born in Belleville and baptised at St. Michael's The Archangel Church.  By the 1901 Census the family had moved to Toronto.  George died in 1919 and Emma died in 1913.  They are both buried at Mount Hope Cemetery in Toronto.

George Thomas Meehan (1850-1919)

Patrick died in 1886 and Bessie died in 1888, both in Belleville.  They are buried in St. Michael's The Archangel Cemetery in Belleville.

Tuesday, 21 November 2017



Another family who lived in Canada at the time of confederation in 1867

George Howson is my 3x great grandfather and was born in 1794 in Buckland, Berkshire, England.  He married Jane Lay in October 1816 in Abingdon, Berkshire.  The county boundaries have changed since then and Abingdon is now considered part of Oxfordshire. Jane  was born about 1794 and baptised in Eynsham, Oxfordshire, England in 1795.

According to the book "Commemorative Biographical Record of the County of York" (Canada) published in circa 1905, the Howson family came to Canada about 1832.  There is paragraph  about George Plant who married Georgianna Adelaide Howson (granddaughter of George Howson)   " ...George Howson, who was born in Oxford, England where he married Jane Lay. In 1832 they came to Canada settling at Belleville, where Mr. Howson was a market gardener...."

George and Jane had at least 3 children.  Their first son Thomas was born on June 15, 1817 and died 1 day later in Abingdon.  They had 2 more sons Thomas born in 1818 and George born in 1820, possibly Buckland, Berkshire.  At some point, around 1832 the family of 4 emigrated to the Belleville area of Ontario, Canada.  There were also some cousins of George Howson who emigrated to Belleville about the same time from the Oxfordshire area, namely the Cox and Little families.

The first known record of the Howson family in Canada is 1844 when George (1820) married Bridget O'Neill in Marysville, Ontario.  

George (1794) owned land in Thurlow, Hastings Ontario where he was a market gardener.  The 1851 census lists his land as Concession 2, Lot 9, 25 acres of land.  He later sold this land to the Grand Trunk Railway.

Son Thomas Howson (1818-1896) married Rebecca Reynolds/Runnels(1824-1893) about 1842 possibly in Kingston Ontario.  They had at least 11 children and moved to Morrisburg, Dundas, Ontario where Thomas was a tinsmith.  Thomas and Rebecca retired to Picton, Prince Edward County, Ontario where they are buried.

Son, George (1820-1856), my direct ancestor, married Bridget O'Neill(1812-1884). Bridget was from Thomastown, Kilkenny, Ireland.  They had at least 5 children, all girls:  Jane(Jannett), Eliza, Emma Teresa, Margaret and Bridget.  They were all baptised at St Michael's The Archangel Roman Catholic Church in Belleville, Ontario.

Emma Teresa Howson (1850-1913), picture circa ?1880?

Emma Teresa Howson is my direct ancestor.  She married George Thomas Meehan.  Link to:  Meehan Family 

George (1794-1879), Jane (1794-1876), George (1820-1856) and Bridget (1812-1884) are all buried at the St. Michael's The Archangel Cemetery in Belleville.

Saturday, 11 November 2017

#CanadaRemembers - JOSEPH HENRY DOWN (1889-1915)

“Imagine, it’s easy if you try”.  You are Joseph Henry Down born in 1889 and you have signed up for the war in 1914.  You are young, an electrician and linesman.  The war will be an adventure and it will be over by Christmas everyone says so.  You leave behind a mother and father, and brothers and sisters, a wife and 2 soon to be 3 children and 2 stepdaughters.  What an adventure.  One of your brothers and an uncle also signed up and you are all sent together for training in Quebec.
Joseph Henry Down - taken in Salisbury, England circa 1914

You eventually end up at Ypres as a Sapper in the 2nd Field Company, Canadian Engineers .  On April 12, 1915 you send a card to your family.  It’s preprinted: yes, I‘m well, yes, I received your letter of March 26, 1915.  This will be great news for the family.  They have to rely on the radio broadcasts and the newspaper headlines.  Gossip is rampant at the stores back in Toronto,  everyone has someone in the war.  Every scrap of news is analyzed.
War letter from Joseph Down, postmarked Toronto April 26, 1915

“No hell below us, above us only sky.”  Of course when you wrote the card the gas attacks hadn’t started.  You have been on duty for 24 hours straight, possibly 48.  Little do you know it but you are in the middle of the 2nd battle of Ypres.  It is chaos.  There are so many wounded and the attacks just keep coming.  Your Lieutenant volunteers your Section to hold back the enemy.  It’s 10:00am April 24, 1915 and you are shot in the head, along with several soldiers in your Section.  You are just one of many of the thousands of dead.

“Imagine there are no countries, nothing to kill or die for, and no religion too.”  Back home your family still unaware receives your card.  It is post marked April 26, 1915.  They don’t know the truth you are already dead. In their ignorance they are jubilant.  We have news he’s ok!  Tell all your friends and family, he is safe.

And then the awful telegram is sent.  “Killed in Action.”  Joseph’s body was never recovered.  His name is inscribed at the Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium.

Joseph Down- Killed in Action Telegram

“Imagine all the people living in peace.” 

Thursday, 9 November 2017


Another family ancestor who lived in Canada at the time of confederation in 1867. Maurice Fitzgerald is my 2x great grandfather.

Maurice Fitzgerald Family

The family belief is that Maurice Fitzgerald (1803- 1881) came from Tralee, Kerry, Ireland.  He married his wife, Ellen Pendergast/Prendergast (1803-1872) in Ireland as their first daughter Nancy was born there.

As Nancy Fitzgerald's date of birth is listed as 1828 Ireland and the next daughter Mary was baptised on 14th December 1833 at St. Paul's Basilica in Toronto,  the family came to Canada between 1828 and 1833 and settled in the Toronto, Ontario area.

Ellen and Maurice Fitzgerald began a family that consisted of at least seven children including: Nancy, Mary, Bridget, Michael, Ellen, Johanna and David.  The baptisms of  five of the Fitzgerald children were found  in the Baptismal Records at St. Paul's Basilica, in Toronto.   These records range from 1833 to 1844.  On the 11th May 1850, their daughter Anne/Nancy Fitzgerald married Michael Stedman / Steadman at St. Paul's Basilica.

St. Paul's Basilica, Toronto, circa 1910 - Photo Courtesy of the Toronto Public Library

For some reason the family moved to Hornellsville, Steuben county, in New York State for a short period of time.  The family is listed on the 1850 US Census and their daughter Nancy and her husband Michael Stedman were also living nearby.

By the 1852  Canada Census, enumerated in January 1852, Maurice, his daughters Mary, Ellen and Johanna are listed as living in York, Ontario along with an Ellen Studman (?Stedman), aged 4.  His wife Ellen, son Michael and David are not listed with the family and perhaps they stayed in Hornellsville.

By the 1861  Canada Census, David Fitzgerald, the youngest son was listed as born in Upper Canada in 1851 and Ellen, Michael  are back with the family. 

Maurice and his son Michael owned land at Concession 1, Lot 6 , in the Southeast part of York County, Ontario.  According to the history of the Toronto Golf Club 1876-1976, Michael Fitzgerald owned approximately 65 acres that extended from Woodbine Avenue to Coxwell Avenue and north to the Grand Trunk Railway Tracks  and south to Queen Street in 1869.  In 1876 the Toronto Golf Club rented a vacant portion of the farmland to play golf.  This informal agreement lasted until 1894 when the Toronto Golf Club sought more permanent accommodation.

The Fitzgeralds also sold some of that land to the St. John The Baptist Norway Anglican Church.   The Church History of St. John indicates the church property was extended south of the Church circa 1880. "This lot was the site of the home of Mr. Fitzgerald, father of Mr. Michael Fitzgerald whose farm began north of St. John's and ran up to the Grand Trunk tracks"  This is in the Woodbine and Kingston Road area of Toronto.

Goad Insurance Map showing Fitzgerald Property

Ellen Fitzgerald died 5 June 1872 and is buried in St. Michael's Cemetery in Toronto.  Maurice remarried in September of that year.  He married a widow Ann Altridge O'Neill at St. Paul's Basilica.  Maurice's parents were listed as Patrick Fitzgerald and Annie Walsh.

Maurice died in 1881, and he was living at 20 Water Street in Toronto.  He is buried with his first wife Ellen in Plot 128 North of Bridget St.

Their children Michael Fitzgerald born 1838 married Fanny Down and Ellen Fitzgerald born 1841 married John Busby.  I have previously written about Richard Down see Richard Down Family  and John Busby see John Busby Family
in my previous Canada Project 150 posts.

Thursday, 26 October 2017


Another family ancestor who lived in Canada at the time of confederation in 1867.  George Crew is my 2x great grandfather.


George Crew's parents are unknown, as is his age.  According to his death certificate he came from London, England.  However his burial record indicates he was from Yorkshire England.  The various census record his birth year  between 1811 - 1817.  His burial record records his birth as 1819.  

George's great-granddaughter, maintained George Crew came from Leeds, Yorkshire, England. She  also maintained that George had a brother named Daniel Crew who lived in Scarborough, Ontario and ran the Half-way House Hotel near Midland and Kingston Road in Scarborough and her mother Ivy used to visit family there.

The date George left England is not known, possibly as early as 1822,  but certainly he was in Crapaud, Lot 29, Prince Edward Island by 1841.  According to the 1841 Census which names Head of family only,  there was a George Crew at Lot 29, who was a Miller and a Farmer.  The total family consisted of 3 people:  1 Male age between 16 and 45, 1 Male upwards of age 60, both from England and 1 Female under 16 years of age and "being native of this Island".  Whether George is the older or the younger member of the family is unknown. Is the older crew George's father?  Could it be John Crew of Bramley by Leeds? 

George was listed variously as a Mill worker and Millwright over the years.  Also could the young female have been a servant or possibly George's future wife Mary Bailey as she was born in 1824 and might have been just under 16 at the time?

Both men from England, paid their own passage from England and they owned 4 acres of 2nd best quality farm land.  They owned 5 sheep, 1 "Neat Cattle" and 2 hogs.  They had a 999 year lease on their property

There were other Crew families living in Crapaud, Lot 29 so it is quite possible that they were all related, - Daniel, Joseph and Benjamin, also born in England.  Daniel Crew is the same Daniel that moved to Scarborough, Ontario.

There is a Crew family born in Bramley by Leeds, Yorkshire England that may also be connected to George Crew.  John Crew and Dinah Scurrah Rhodes, married in Leeds in 1799. This family had the following children:  Daniel Dix Crew born 1805, Benjamin born 1807, Joseph born 1813, William Scerrah born 1818 and Hannah born 1818.  This family has not been connected to the PEI family however the names are similar - Daniel Joseph and Benjamin.  Also  the name Scurrah was used by Daniel Crew to name his son Charles Scurrah Crew.  To further complicate matters George Crew cannot be linked to the Bramley Crew family or the PEI Crew family.

George married Mary Bailey in 1843, in Crapaud and they had at least 12 children.  The witnesses to the wedding were Edward Duffy and Joseph Best.  Baptisms for 5 of the children have been found in Crapaud:  John, bap 1844, Ellen, bap 1846, Hannah bap 1847, James Bailey bap 1849 and Elisa bap 1858.  While the other children Joseph born 1852, William born 1854,and George born 1854 do not appear on the baptism index but are listed on later census as being born in PEI.  The next son Benjamin born 1860 was born either in PEI or New Brunswick and the next 3 children, Alice born 1862, Haysen and Mary Evaline (twins), born 1865 were born in Sackville New Brunswick, but no baptism records have been located.  The birth dates are all estimates.

The family moved sometime between 1858 and 1861, as they were living in Sackville, New Brunswick according to the 1861 Census where George is listed as a Mill man

Between 1865 and 1870 the family had moved again and they now lived on Main Street, in Markham, Ontario per the 1871 Census.  Sadly Mary Bailey Crew, sons Haysen and James Bailey died during 1870.  This left George Crew as a widower with 9 children.  According George's great-granddaughter, son John Crew born 1844 remained in New Brunswick.

Markham, Ontario, Main Street circa 1910.  Courtesy of the Toronto Public Library

The family remained in Markham and George died there in 1900.  He is buried in the Church of England Cemetery, which is attached to Grace Church in Markham.    Mary Bailey Crew, Haysen and James Bailey Crew are also buried at the same cemetery.  There doesn't appear to be a grave marker.

Friday, 22 September 2017


First Published in the Halton-Peel  Branch of the Ontario Genealogy Society Newsletter - Special Edition Halton-Peel KINections - Canada 150 Project - July 2017

The Halton-Peel Branch of the Ontario Genealogy Society invited members to share stories about ancestors who lived in Canada at the time of confederation in 1867.  George McKnight and Mary Smith are my paternal 3x great grandparents

George McKnight and Mary Smith Family

George McKnight (abt 1817-1884) was born in Fermanagh Ireland and came to Canada about 1836.  According to his wife Mary Smith McKnight’s (abt 1821-1909) obituary, George McKnight married Mary Smith in 1835 in Enniskillen, Fermanagh Ireland and they emigrated to Toronto, Ontario. The obituary is probably from the Listowel Standard, Perth County, dated May 28, 1909.  The obituary states:   "...and settled in Toronto, where Mr. Mcknight engaged in the mercantile business for two years.  From there they moved to Albion Township and followed farming until 1854.   In that year they moved into Minto Township, Wellington County......"

Other researchers have quoted an autobiography by a Fermanagh Patterson Rutherford that claims the business that George McKnight operated was a Dry Goods Store near the Eaton's store on Yonge Street in Toronto.  There was a listing for a McKnight and Saxon listed as Wholesale Merchants in the 1837 Toronto & Home District Directory.  The address is simply Yonge Street, Toronto.  This was a business listing and I have not found a home address for the McKnight family, so possibly they lived above the store.  There was no listing for Mr. Saxon either.  Certainly looking at other businesses in the area, in this time frame, the dry goods stores seemed to be on Yonge Street north from King Street. 

If Mary Smith McKnight’s obituary is correct, the family moved to Peel County by 1839.  Certainly the family was listed in Albion on the 1851 Census.  According to the book The Way it was:  a History of Minto, George McKnight was one of the original landowners of Minto Township, Wellington County and purchased Lots 41 and 42 on Concession 1.  The land sale is recorded as September 10 and 11, 1854. 

George’s parents James and Ann/Hannah Colwell Mcknight and George’s siblings also came to Albion around the same time.  The 1846-1847 Brown’s Toronto City and Home Directory shows a James McKnight living at Concession 3, Lot 29 in Albion, Peel County.  It is possible George and his family lived with his parents until he moved to Wellington County.

George and Mary had at least ten children: Isabella (1839-1913), Anne Jane (1841-1894), Margaret (1843-1920), Sarah (1847-1929), John (1847-1911), James (1850-1931) born in Albion, Peel County.  George (1857-1936), Mary (1861-1938), Elizabeth (1862-1867) and Samuel (1865-1957) were born in Wellington County.  

Sarah McKnight was baptized August 19, 1849 in Albion and she was born in Albion on January 6, 1847 according to the Wesleyan Baptism Register.  This is the first documented proof that the family lived in Albion.

Mary Smith and George McKnight - unknown source

George and Mary and their children Isabella, Anne Jane, Margaret, Sarah, John and James are all listed on the 1852 Census living in Albion.  As their daughter Isabella was born in 1839, it is possible the family was living in Albion as early as 1839; however there is no documentation to support this information.